Are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants. They often have a strong odour and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores.
Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. Synthetic variations and derivatives of natural terpenes and terpenoids also greatly expand the variety of aromas used in perfumery and flavours used in food additives.
Over 120 different terpene compounds have been identified in the cannabis plant. They are produced inside specialized hairs, called trichomes, located on the surface of the leaves and stems of plants. These represent a major component of the plant’s sticky resin and are produced by the same glands that produce other components including cannabinoids.
These oils offer distinctive scents and can be found in berries, vanilla, rosemary, citrus, and pepper.
Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene Earthy, Pine, Herbal, Spicy.
Alpha-bisabolol (also known as levomenol and bisabolol) floral aroma
Borneol Mint, Hints of rosemary.
Caryophyllene Citrus, Spice, Pepper, Earthy.
Camphene fir needles, musky earth and damp woodlands
Delta3 Carene rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cedar and pine
Eucalyptol herbs, earthy blend, mint.
Geraniol lemons and tobacco
Humulene Woody, Spicy, Herbal.
Isoborneol Sweet, Musty.
Limonene Citrus (Orangey). Fresh Spice.
Linalool Flowers, Pungent, Earth.
Terpinolene Lime, Herbal, Woody, Floral.
Myrcene An earthy, citrus terpene,
Nerolidol apples, citrus fruit and flowers
Ocimene sweet, earthy
Phellandrene Peppermint, Slight citrus undertones.
Phytol Floral, Balsamic.
Sabinene Woody, Spicy, Pepper.
Terpinolene sweets and pine
Terpineol floral-like, lilacs, apple blossom, citrusy.
Valencene This terpene got its name from sweet Valencia oranges